Dating of events in the book of acts
The last possible date would be set by its first definite citation by another author, but there is no unanimity on this; some scholars find echoes of Acts in a work from c.95 AD called 1 Clement, while others see no indisputable citation until the middle of the 2nd century.A minority of scholars, necessarily in the latter camp, conclude that Acts dates to the 2nd century, believing that it does show awareness of the letters of Paul, the works of Josephus, or the writings of Marcion.
The apostles and other followers of Jesus meet and elect Matthias to replace Judas as a member of The Twelve.
He begins his gospel with a preface addressed to Theophilus (Luke 1:3; cf.
Acts 1:1), informing him of his intention to provide an ordered account of events so that his reader will know the certainty of what he has been taught. He also engages with the question of a Christian's proper relationship with the Roman Empire, the civil power of the day: could a Christian obey God and also Caesar? The Romans never move against Jesus or his followers unless provoked by the Jews, in the trial scenes the missionaries are always cleared of charges of violating Roman laws, and Acts ends with Paul in Rome proclaiming the Christian message under Roman protection; at the same time, Luke makes it clear that the earthly rulers receive their power from Satan (Luke 4:6), while Christ is ruler of the kingdom of God. The first is the geographic movement from Jerusalem, centre of God's Covenantal people, the Jews, to Rome, centre of the Gentile world.
Acts continues the story of Christianity in the 1st century, beginning with Jesus's ascension to Heaven.
The early chapters, set in Jerusalem, describe the Day of Pentecost (the coming of the Holy Spirit) and the growth of the church in Jerusalem.
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Luke–Acts can also be seen as a defense of (or "apology" for) the Jesus movement addressed to the Jews: the bulk of the speeches and sermons in Acts are addressed to Jewish audiences, with the Romans serving as external arbiters on disputes concerning Jewish customs and law.